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NCJ Number: 209516 Find in a Library
Title: Isolating Adult Psychological Correlates of Witnessing Parental Violence: Findings from a Predominantly Latina Sample
Journal: Journal of Family Violence  Volume:19  Issue:6  Dated:December 2004  Pages:377-385
Author(s): Corrie A. Davies; David DiLillo; Isaac G. Martinez
Date Published: December 2004
Page Count: 9
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the link between childhood exposure to parental violence and the child's subsequent adult psychological functioning in a sample of predominantly Mexican-American women.
Abstract: Questionnaires were administered to 142 female undergraduates recruited from psychology classes at a private, nearly all-female university in south central Texas. The child Maltreatment Interview Schedule-Short Form assessed several areas of childhood experiences, including domestic violence, parental substance abuse, parental physical and psychological availability, psychological abuse, emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, and perceptions of abuse status. The Trauma Symptom Checklist-40 assessed symptomatology that stemmed from childhood or adult traumatic experiences. Other instruments measured the cognitive, affective, psychomotor, somatic, and social-interpersonal symptoms of depression; self-esteem; and interpersonal relationships among family members, directions of personal growth emphasized by the family, and the basic organizational structure of the family. The findings show that witnessing parental violence in childhood was linked with depressive symptoms, low self-esteem, and trauma symptoms in adulthood, even after controlling for childhood physical and sexual abuse; however, in subsequent analyses that also controlled for levels of nonphysical family conflict, previous associations between exposure to parental violence and adult symptomatology were reduced, so that trauma-related symptoms remained the only outcome still predicted from witnessing parental violence. Study limitations and future research are discussed. 4 tables and 50 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Child emotional abuse and neglect; Domestic assault; Hispanic Americans; Long term health effects of child abuse; Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD)
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