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NCJ Number: 209715 Find in a Library
Title: Global Impact of Gangs
Journal: Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice  Volume:21  Issue:2  Dated:May 2005  Pages:153-169
Author(s): John M. Hagedorn
Date Published: May 2005
Page Count: 17
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article discusses the importance of the study of gang research in a global context due to a largely urban world and with the combination of economic and political marginalization and cultural resistance.
Abstract: Today, the American study of gangs can no longer start and stop with local conditions, but must take root in a global context. Gangs are a significant worldwide phenomenon with millions of members and a voice of those marginalized by processes of globalization. Gangs are being reproduced throughout this largely urban world. In order to develop public policy and build social movements to reduce violence and erode deep-seated inequalities, it is important to understand these social actors. There is an urgent need to combine sociological and anthropological orientations with urban political economy and the analysis of gangs and other organizations of the socially excluded in the globalizing city. Gangs cannot be understood outside of their global context and there is a need to study the racialized identities of male and female gang members and the salience of culture. This article discusses six related reasons why gang research is important today: the explosion of worldwide urbanization; globalization and the retreat of the state; the power of identity (i.e. ethnic or religious); the underground economy; urban re-division of space; and the institutionalization of gangs. References
Main Term(s): Gangs
Index Term(s): Economic influences; Gang violence; Juvenile/Youth Gangs; Organized crime; Political influences; Urban area studies; World criminology
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