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NCJ Number: 210079 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Criminal Behavior and Emotional Disorder: Comparing Youth Served by the Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Systems
Journal: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research  Volume:27  Issue:2  Dated:May 2000  Pages:227-237
Author(s): Jennifer A. Rosenblatt Ph.D.; Abram Rosenblatt Ph.D.; Edward E. Biggs Ed.D.
Date Published: May 2000
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Ctr for Mental Health Service
Rockville, MD 20857
National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Grant Number: T32MH1826;96-7299;3P50MH43694
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: For Sonoma County (California), this study examined the types and frequency of crimes committed by juveniles involved in both mental health and juvenile justice systems compared with juveniles involved only with the juvenile justice system; and it also compared the clinical functioning of juveniles receiving mental health services who were and were not involved in the juvenile justice system.
Abstract: Participants consisted of all youth served by a public mental health (MH) agency or the juvenile justice system between April 1995 and June 1998 in Sonoma County. During this period, 3,367 juveniles received public MH services; and of these, 684 (20 percent) were arrested during the study period. Of all the juveniles arrested in the county, 31 percent had some history with the public MH system. Of all juveniles arrested in the county during the study period, MH service users had more arrests than juveniles who had not received MH services. The types of crimes committed by both groups were misdemeanors. A subsample of 94 MH service users with arrests was matched on demographics with 94 juvenile MH service users without any arrests. MH users with arrests had a higher frequency of conduct disorder, higher Child Behavior Checklist Externalizing and Total Problem Scale scores, as well as more functional impairment on the Child and Adolescent Functional Assessment Scale compared with MH users without arrests. The fact that many juveniles who commit criminal offenses also have MH needs and that many youth who receive MH services commit criminal offenses indicates the importance of coordinating services under a multisystemic model of therapy, with attention to the types of MH disorders distinctive for youth who commit offenses. 5 tables and 39 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile mental health services
Index Term(s): California; Comparative analysis; Mental disorders; Mental health services; Mental illness-crime relationships
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