skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 212389 Find in a Library
Title: Reduction of Women's Imprisonment in England and Wales: Will the Return of Short Prison Sentences Help?
Journal: Punishment & Society  Volume:7  Issue:4  Dated:October 2005  Pages:419-439
Author(s): Elaine Player
Date Published: October 2005
Page Count: 21
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This article identifies the ways in which Great Britain's Criminal Justice Act 2003 undermines the Government's Women's Offending Reduction Program and exposes more women to the risk of imprisonment.
Abstract: The Women's Offending Reduction Program aims to coordinate initiatives that target women's offending and the criminogenic factors that underlie it. Reduction in the imprisonment of women has been designated a priority; however, two provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 could possibly impede the reduction of custody for women. One provision is the reformulation of the concept and role of proportionality in sentencing. The Act extends the sentencing powers of magistrates; provides all sentencers with a wider selection of custodial sentences; and increases women's custodial eligibility by expanding their risk of violating a court order. Although guidance by the Court of Appeal has urged restraint in the use of custody, sentencing guidelines provide only a weak mechanism for compliance within a judicial structure that values individual discretion. A second provision of the Act that is likely to increase custody for women is the replacement of existing sentences of 12 months or less with a new range of custodial options. A major barrier to constructive change that will benefit women offenders is that those who developed an enlightened strategy for women offenders are not in charge of sentencing policy or practice, and they are relatively powerless in the hierarchy that forges government policy. 22 notes and 54 references
Main Term(s): Corrections in foreign countries
Index Term(s): Corrections in foreign countries; Female inmates; Female offenders; Foreign laws; Foreign sentencing; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Incarceration; Legislative impact; Legislative issues
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.