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NCJ Number: 212514 Find in a Library
Title: Risk and Protective Factors
Corporate Author: Youth Justice Board for England and Wales
United Kingdom
Date Published: 2005
Page Count: 192
Sponsoring Agency: Youth Justice Board for England and Wales
London SW1H 9AJ,
Sale Source: Youth Justice Board for England and Wales
102 Petty France
London SW1H 9AJ,
United Kingdom
Document: PDF
Publisher: http://www.justice.gov.uk/youth-justice 
Type: Research Paper
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This document examines risk factors associated with youth crime and reviews the research literature regarding risk reduction and the prevention of youth offending.
Abstract: A large body of research has identified many risk and protective factors associated with youth crime. Risk factors have been identified in the areas of family, school, and community and include poor parental supervision, low school achievement, and living in a disadvantaged neighborhood, to name a few. Protective factors include being female, having a positive disposition, and high intelligence. Following a review of risk and protective factors and their relationship to one another, the document examines when and where youth crime is likely to take place. The research literature in this area is reviewed, which indicates divergent results and underscores the need for further research. Next, the operation of risk and protective factors and the prevalence of youth crime in England and Wales are considered and a comparative analysis is offered of national and local survey data on youth crime. The research concerning effective methods of reducing risk and enhancing protections for youth is also examined, followed by an analysis of effective youth crime prevention schemes. The findings indicate that youth crime is most effectively prevented by adopting a holistic, integrated approach that links the various agencies dealing with health, education, and social exclusion. Model programs for youth crime prevention generally adhere to the following principles: (1) target high- and medium-risk offenders; (2) have a well defined structure with a clear rationale; (3) address the full range of criminogenic risk factors; and (4) adhere to the objectives and procedures established for working with young offenders. Future studies should continue to focus on understanding youth crime and its prevention as well as continue to evaluate the effectiveness of programs and initiatives designed to reduce and prevent youth crime. Tables, figures, appendixes, and references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prevention
Index Term(s): England; Foreign juvenile delinquency; Juvenile delinquency prevention programs; Juvenile delinquency research; Literature reviews; Wales
Note: Downloaded December 28, 2005. Summary is provided in PDF format. Full Report is available from NCJRS in hardcopy.
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=233991

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