skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 213037 Find in a Library
Title: Parenting Style, Individuation, and Mental Health of Egyptian Adolescents
Journal: Journal of Adolescence  Volume:29  Issue:1  Dated:February 2006  Pages:103-117
Author(s): Marwan Dwairy; Kariman E. Menshar
Date Published: February 2006
Page Count: 15
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Three questionnaires that measure parenting style, adolescent-family bonding, and mental health were administered to 351 (212 boys and 139 girls) Egyptian adolescents in the 11th grade (16-17 years old).
Abstract: The three parenting styles measured with the Parental Authority Questionnaire (PAQ) were "authoritarian," "authoritative," and "permissive." The authoritarian style of parenting restricts the autonomy of children through parental control and parental decisions about appropriate behavior for the child. The permissive parenting style encourages a child's autonomy, decisionmaking, and control over their own activities. The authoritative style is a blend of the authoritarian and permissive styles, as parents nurture the child's individuality while exerting moderate control in guiding the child progressively toward more autonomy. The study found that in rural villages in Egypt, the authoritarian parenting style was prevalent in raising adolescent boys, while the authoritative style was more often used in parenting adolescent girls. In urban communities, on the other hand, the authoritarian style of parenting was more often used with adolescent girls. The bonding of all adolescent girls with their families was stronger than that of adolescent boys. Girls' familial bonding was more emotional and financial in rural villages and more functional in urban communities. Adolescent girls in both rural and urban communities reported a higher frequency of psychological disorders than adolescent boys. The authoritative parenting style was associated with more familial bonding and better mental health. Authoritarian parenting was associated only with emotional bonding to family, and permissive parenting had no association with bonding. In addition to the PAQ, the sample was administered the Multigenerational Interconnectedness Scale--which assessed emotional, financial, and functional bonds of adolescents with their family--and the Psychological State Scale, which assesses 27 psychological states of Egyptian adolescents and adults. 3 tables and 61 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Arab Republic of Egypt; Discipline; Foreign criminal justice research; Mental health; Parent-Child Relations; Parental influence; Rural urban comparisons
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.