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NCJ Number: 213152 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Youth Alcohol and Other Drug Use in the United States and Australia: A Cross-National Comparison of Three State-Wide Samples
Journal: Drug and Alcohol Review  Volume:24  Issue:6  Dated:November 2005  Pages:515-523
Author(s): J. W. Toumbourou; J. M. Beyers; R. F. Catalano; J. D. Hawkins; M. W. Arthur; T. Evans-Whipp; L. Bond; G. C. Patton
Date Published: November 2005
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Victorian Dept of Human Services
Melbourne, Victoria 3000, Australia
Grant Number: DA10768;DA12140
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: Study findings are presented from a comparative study on youth substance use behavior in the countries of Australia and the United States.
Abstract: The study found that rates of lifetime alcohol use and recent use were higher in Victoria, Australia, while indicators of norm-violating substance use were lower relative to the States of Maine and Oregon in the United States. Yet, binge drinking was relatively uncommon within each of the three States. Elevated rates of binge drinking were very evident among the older students in Victoria compared to Maine and Oregon. A significant finding was that Victoria had higher rates of binge drinking, breaching harm minimization guidelines encouraging moderate use. It is viewed as beneficial in the area of intervention efforts to identify cross-national similarities and differences in adolescent substance use behaviors. This study examined cross-national differences in patterns of youth alcohol and other drug use in Australia and the United States. Three hypotheses guided the study: (1) the prevalence rates of lifetime alcohol use and recent alcohol use in childhood and early adolescence were expected to be lower in the United States relative to Australia; (2) fewer young people were expected to use alcohol above recommended limits in Australia; and (3) lower levels of norm-violating substance use behavior were expected in Australia. Participants of the study were students from Victoria in Australia and Maine and Oregon in the United States. The survey instrument used in the study was adapted and extended from the Communities that Care (CTC) Youth Survey. Tables, figures, references
Main Term(s): Adolescent chemical dependency
Index Term(s): Adolescents at risk; Australia; Behavior patterns; Comparative analysis; Juvenile drug abusers; Underage Drinking; United States of America; US/foreign comparisons; Victoria
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