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NCJ Number: 213181 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Prevalence and Correlates of Suicidal Ideation Among Young Injection vs. Noninjection Drug Users
Journal: Substance Use & Misuse  Volume:41  Issue:2  Dated:2006  Pages:245-254
Author(s): Jennifer R. Havens; Susan G. Sherman; Marcella Sapun; Steffanie A. Strathdee
Date Published: 2006
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: 5R01DA011880;1F31DA015604
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study explored factors related to thoughts of suicide and examined the proposition that injection drug users (IDUs) would be more likely to have suicidal thoughts than noninjection drug users (NIDUs).
Abstract: Results indicated that 31 percent of the IDUs in the sample had thoughts of suicide compared to just 14 percent of NIDUs. When age, gender, and race were taken into account, IDUs were 2.4 times more likely than NIDUs to have had suicidal thoughts. However, IDU status was no longer significantly associated with suicidal thoughts after adjusting for homelessness, depressive symptoms, and sexual orientation. Given these findings, it appears that factors related to IDU lifestyle and mental health status may account for the higher rate of suicidal thoughts among IDUs compared to NIDUs. Participants were 244 IDUs and 73 NIDUs aged 15 to 30 years who had been using heroin or crack or had been injecting drugs during the past 5 years. Participants were recruited via street-based, targeted outreach between August 2000 and March 2002 in Baltimore, MD for the Risk Evaluation and Community Health (REACH II) study, which focused on the factors related to the transition to injection drug use, risk behaviors, and the acquisition of bloodborne pathogens among IDUs. Participants completed a baseline questionnaire that measured demographic information, past and current drug use, sexual history, depressive symptoms, and suicidal thoughts, plans, and attempts. Analysis techniques included chi-squared and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests. Follow-up studies should investigate the etiology of suicidal behavior among community drug users. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Drug use; Suicide
Index Term(s): Homeless persons; Maryland
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