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NCJ Number: 213355 
Title: Country Report--Ghana (From Annual Report for 2004 and Resource Material Series No. 66, P 142-152, 2005, Simon Cornell, ed. -- See NCJ-213348)
Author(s): Bright Oduro
Date Published: September 2005
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Tokyo, Japan
Sale Source: United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
26-1 Harumi-Cho, Fuchu
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Format: Book Chapter
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: This paper highlights the forms of economic crime in Ghana and the problems it poses for the criminal justice system, as well as the strategies being used to address economic crime.
Abstract: Economic crime can be broadly defined as the range of offenses that occur in the course of economic transactions, or crimes that result in economic loss for the victims, which may be individuals, an institution, or a state. Ghana's Criminal Code encompasses several forms of economic crime, including fraud by false pretenses; stamp offenses; falsification of accounts; and fraud in the sale or mortgage of land, boundaries or documents, things pledged or taken in execution, removing goods to evade legal process, and actions by agents. These types of fraud are described as defined in Ghana's laws. Ghana also has laws that address money laundering, which is often linked to efforts to channel money obtained from fraud into legal financial transactions. The agencies responsible for preventing, detecting, and investigating fraud in Ghana are the police, the Serious Fraud Office, and the Securities Regulatory Commission. A person convicted of fraudulently misappropriating another person's money typically is imprisoned and fined in Ghana; however, fines are not used to compensate the victim; and even though heavy fines may be imposed, they often do not amount to as much as the loss. Thus, the offender still has the use of illegally obtained money after release from prison. As those who commit fraud become more sophisticated and deceptive in their tactics, it is important that the public and law enforcement investigators be informed and trained in detecting various types of fraud. Accounting skills have become essential in the detection and investigation of economic crime. Attorneys and judges must also gain a better understanding of some of the complex schemes often used to commit fraud.
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Fraud and abuse prevention measures; Fraud investigations; Ghana; Money laundering; Securities fraud; Tax evasion
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