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NCJ Number: 213489 Find in a Library
Title: Violence Risk and Race in a Sample of Youth in Juvenile Detention: The Potential to Reduce Disproportionate Minority Confinement
Journal: Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice  Volume:4  Issue:2  Dated:April 2006  Pages:170-184
Author(s): John F. Chapman; Rani A. Desai; Paul R. Falzer; Randy Borum
Date Published: April 2006
Page Count: 15
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined differences by race in summary violence risk ratings and in both violence risk and protective factors in a sample of detained juveniles in Connecticut.
Abstract: Results indicated that African-American youth were rated at a significantly lower risk of violence than were their White counterparts and were also more likely to have several protective factors. Risk factors that were significantly higher among African-Americans included early onset of violence and living in high-crime environments. Protective factors that were significantly higher for African-Americans than for Whites included more prosocial involvement, strong attachments and bonds, and resilient personality traits. The findings have implications for reducing disproportionate minority representation in the juvenile justice system. If low-risk minority youth can be identified prior to a hearing, it may be possible to facilitate their release to programs that capitalize on their protective factors. Participants were 757 youth detained for prehearing assessment in Connecticut. Participants were administered the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth, as well as the Suicidal Ideations Questionnaire, the Drug Abuse Screening Test for Adolescents, the Adolescent Alcohol Involvement Scale, and the Summary Rating of Risk as part of routine assessment for risk and protective factors for violence. Chi-square analysis was performed to analyze the data. Followup research should consider separating juveniles according to length of detention. Tables, figures, references
Main Term(s): Juvenile offenders; Race-punishment relationship
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Ethnic groups; Personality assessment; Threat assessment; Violence prediction
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