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NCJ Number: 213598 Find in a Library
Title: Girls, Gangs and Crime: Profile of the Young Female Offender
Journal: Journal of Gang Research  Volume:13  Issue:2  Dated:Winter 2006  Pages:37-48
Author(s): Lianne Archer; Andrew M. Grascia
Date Published: 2006
Page Count: 12
Type: Literature Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reviews recent research on female arrests and violence and explores the problem of female gang involvement.
Abstract: Overall, the research indicates that girls who join gangs and commit violent acts were most likely victims themselves before they became perpetrators. Statistics on females in the juvenile and criminal justice system are presented to illustrate that a significant proportion of females involved with the justice system have been victims of physical and sexual abuse, often beginning before the age of 16 years. Research also indicates that girls join gangs for the same reason as boys--to find a place of belonging and to seek protection from other forms of violence in their lives. The analysis concludes that violent girls, while they should be held accountable for their crimes, deserve our help and attention. Female violence will continue as long as communities, schools, families, and the juvenile justice system continue to turn a blind eye to the pervasive victimization of disadvantaged girls. Addendum, references, endnote
Main Term(s): Female gangs; Violent females
Index Term(s): Female offenders; Female victims; Male female offender comparisons; Offender profiles
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