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NCJ Number: 213914 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Intergenerational Roots of Early Onset Substance Use
Journal: Journal of Drug Issues  Volume:36  Issue:1  Dated:Winter 2006  Pages:1-28
Author(s): Terence P. Thornberry; Marvin D. Krohn; Adrienne Freeman-Gallant
Date Published: 2006
Page Count: 28
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Bethesda, MD 20892-2425
National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
National Science Foundation
Arlington, VA 22230
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 5 R01 DA05512-07;5 R01 MH56486;96-MU-FX-0014;SES-8912274;P30 HD3204;SBR-9512290
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In an attempt to better understand the origins of substance use, this study investigated intergenerational continuity in drug use across three successive generations.
Abstract: Overall the findings indicate strong intergenerational linkages across three generations. However, they are linkages conditioned by gender and continuing contact. In focusing on early onset substance use, intergenerational continuity in substance use was only observed and found for G2 or Generation 2 females and their children. With almost all G1 or Generation 1 respondents in the study being female, it meant that the substance use of G1 mothers increased the risk of use for their daughters, but not their sons. In investigating early onset substance use in the third generation, use by children of G2 mothers was significantly influenced by both G2 substance use and by G1 substance use. For children of G2 fathers, however, neither prior generation’s substance use was significantly related to G3 or Generation 3 use. This strongly suggests that continuing contact with the child is almost essential for the intergenerational transfer for risk. Utilizing both the Rochester Youth Development Study for data on G1 and adolescent G2 respondents and the Rochester Intergenerational Study for data on adult G2 and G3 respondents addressed the fundamental question on the origins of substance use. Tables and references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse; Drug abuse; Drug research; Family histories; Gender issues; Home environment; Juvenile drug abusers; Longitudinal studies; Underage Drinking
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