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NCJ Number: 214655 Find in a Library
Title: Signs of Resilience in Sexually Abused Adolescent Girls in the Foster Care System
Journal: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse  Volume:15  Issue:1  Dated:2006  Pages:1-28
Author(s): Tonya Edmond; Wendy Auslander; Diane Elze; Sharon Bowland
Date Published: 2006
Page Count: 28
Sponsoring Agency: Annie E. Casey Foundation
Baltimore, MD 21202
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Bethesda, MD 20892-2425
Grant Number: R01 HD35445
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined differences between two groups of sexually abused adolescent girls in the foster care system--those identified as having resilient trajectories and those identified as experiencing clinically significant mental health and behavioral problems--in terms of the impact of several protective factors.
Abstract: Overall, results indicated that the girls with resilient trajectories were significantly different from the girls who were currently symptomatic in terms of education, future orientation, and peer influence. Specifically, girls who exhibited resiliency to childhood sexual abuse were less likely to fight with other students and teachers and were more certain of their educational plans for both high school and college. Resilient girls were also more optimistic about their futures and were more likely to socialize with peers who engaged in positive behaviors. Participants were 99 sexually abused adolescent girls in foster care settings who were involved in a larger research project designed to evaluate an HIV prevention and life skills program. Participants completed a series of questionnaires assessing the severity and type of child maltreatment, current mental health and behavioral problems, resilience, demographic and background living situation, and a number of theoretically relevant protective factors including future orientation, family support, education, peer influence, and religion. Data analysis techniques included multiple regression analyses and the Wald chi-square statistic. Future research should utilize a longitudinal design to examine the underlying processes facilitating resiliency in sexually abused girls. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Child Sexual Abuse; Long term health effects of child abuse
Index Term(s): Adolescent females; Comparative analysis; Foster adolescents; Mental disorders; Mental health
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