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NCJ Number: 226262 Find in a Library
Title: Commentary on Mandatory Reporting Legislation in the United States, Canada, and Australia: A Cross-Jurisdictional Review of Key Features, Differences, and Issues
Journal: Child Maltreatment  Volume:14  Issue:1  Dated:February 2009  Pages:121-123
Author(s): Joan M. Rankin; Amy E. Ornstein
Date Published: February 2009
Page Count: 3
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study investigated existing differences between mandatory reporting laws in Australia, Canada, and the United States regarding exposure to domestic violence (EDV) and its relationship to child abuse.
Abstract: Findings strongly advocate for the widespread acceptance of EDV as a unique and separate category of child maltreatment and a reportable child protection concern. The study found that although child maltreatment is often defined in time, culture, and place, EDV is actually a type of child abuse that has been under recognized by child protection agencies, families, health professionals, and society. In children experiencing EDV, there is often coexistent physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, and/or emotional abuse, potentiating the negative consequences for the child. These findings should encourage and shape much needed public debate to effect social change and help inform health professionals and legislators of the significant impact of EDV on children and their families. Once identified as a detrimental form of child abuse, the focus can shift to developing sound methodology for intervening with these children and their families. Child protection agencies currently struggle with the management of these cases and are looking to academia and experts in the field for direction. Further research should focus on primary prevention initiatives, early intervention programs, and effective treatment options for children who have been exposed to domestic violence. These efforts are believed to be imperative to the curtailment of this unique and neglected form of child maltreatment. References
Main Term(s): Exposure to Violence; US/foreign comparisons
Index Term(s): Behavioral and Social Sciences; Behavioral science research; Child abuse; Child abuse prevention; Child abuse reporting; Crisis intervention; Domestic assault; Domestic assault prevention; Domestic violence causes; Early intervention; Social change
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