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NCJ Number: 242635 Find in a Library
Title: Guidelines for Collecting and Recording the Race and Ethnicity of Juveniles in Conjunction with Juvenile Delinquency Disposition Reporting to the Juvenile Court Judges' Commission
Author(s): Patricia Torbet; Hunter Hurst Jr.; Mark Soler
Corporate Author: National Ctr for Juvenile Justice
United States of America

Center for Children's Law and Policy
United States of America
Date Published: October 2006
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Center for Children's Law and Policy
Washington, DC 20006
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Chicago, IL 60603
National Ctr for Juvenile Justice
Pittsburgh, PA 15203-2363
Pennsylvania Juvenile Court Judges Commission
Harrisburg, PA 17106-2425
Sale Source: National Ctr for Juvenile Justice
3700 South Water Street, Suite 200
Pittsburgh, PA 15203-2363
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Guideline; Technical Assistance
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This booklet guides Pennsylvania’s local juvenile courts and probation departments in the racial coding of justice-involved youth in conjunction with reporting juvenile delinquency dispositions to the Juvenile Court Judges’ Commission.
Abstract: The intent of this guidance is to ensure the reporting of information on justice-involved youth complies with Federal policy while preserving the flexibility to describe local ethnic diversity of juveniles referred to the juvenile justice system. The relevant Federal mandate under the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act is that States assess the extent of disproportionate minority contact (DMC) of youth of color at all stages of the juvenile justice system and take steps to address any disproportionality. Federal guidelines recommend asking two separate and distinct questions, one about race and a second about ethnicity. This distinction between race and ethnicity is important, since the term “African-American” refers to race and “Hispanic” or “Latino” refers to ethnicity. This guide recommends that the collection and recording of racial and ethnicity data be handled with three questions or variables, with the first two limited to fixed responses: (1) Hispanic/Latino? (Yes, No); (2) Race (American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Black or African-American, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and White); (3) National Origin, Ancestry, or Tribal Affiliation (Optional). It is expected that these changes will make it easier for local staff to code racial data, thereby reducing the instances of unknown or missing data and improving accuracy and consistency of the racial data collected by juvenile courts state-wide. Although self-identification is the preferred source of the information on race, guidelines are provided for coding racial data depending on the source of the information, i.e., self-identification, observer-identification, or some other source on the basis of a report, face sheet, or complaint filed with the court.
Main Term(s): Juvenile processing
Index Term(s): Data collection devices; Data collections; Ethnicity; Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act; Minority juvenile offenders; Minority overrepresentation; Pennsylvania; Race
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