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NCJ Number: 243825 Find in a Library
Title: Genetic and Environmental Influences Underlying the Relationship Between Low Self-Control and Substance Use
Journal: Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:41  Issue:4  Dated:July - August 2013  Pages:262-272
Author(s): Danielle Boisvert; Brian B. Boutwell; J.C. Barnes; Jamie Vaske
Date Published: August 2013
Page Count: 11
Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using a behavioral genetic methodology, this study examined the link between low self-control and cigarette smoking, alcohol use, and marijuana use in adolescence and adulthood.
Abstract: The study’s findings suggest that genetic factors explain a moderate proportion of the variance in low self-control and substance use in both adolescence and adulthood. In addition, bivariate genetic analyses show that the correlation between low self-control and substance use is mostly due to common genetic and non-shared environmental factors. Variation at the level of the genome may impact the etiology of self-control both directly and indirectly through gene-environment correlations. This means that the link between parenting measures and a child’s self-control is confounded by their common genes. In addition evocative gene-environment correlations suggest that in effective parenting practices can develop as a result of genetically based behavioral traits of the child. In addition, of the two types of environmental factors, the effects of the non-shared environment tended to explain a significant portion of the variance in self-control. Differential parenting experiences within the home, differential perceived parenting by the child, and/or differential reactions to shared parenting experiences may all impact child development. The study used a subsample of twin pairs from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. The final analytical sample consisted of 1,480 individual twins. The measure of low self-control was created by scoring 20 items so that higher values reflected lower levels of self-control. 7 tables and 111 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Biological influences; Drug abuse causes; Environmental influences; Juvenile drug use; Marijuana; Tobacco use; Twins as research subjects; Underage Drinking
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