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NCJ Number: 249402 Find in a Library
Title: Effects of Poly-Victimization on Adolescent Social Support, Self-Concept, and Psychological Distress
Journal: Journal of Interpersonal Violence  Volume:Online First  Dated:June 2015
Author(s): Heather A. Turner; Anne Shattuck; David Finklehor; Sherry Hamby
Date Published: June 2015
Page Count: 0
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2010-JF-FX-0001
Document: HTML
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study’s primary objective is to begin to identify the mechanisms that help explain the powerful, damaging impact on the mental health of youth exposed to multiple forms of victimization (poly-victimization).
Abstract: Analyses are based on two waves of longitudinal data from the National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV), conducted in 2008 and 2010, that comprised a telephone sample of 1,186 youth ages 10 to 17. Using structural equation modeling, the study examined direct and indirect effects on distress symptoms of increased, decreased, and stable high poly-victimization between Waves 1 and 2 compared to no or low victimization in both waves. Specifically, the study considered the extent to which reductions in core psychosocial resources - including family support, peer support, self-esteem, and mastery - mediate the relationship between these poly-victimization conditions and distress. Relative to stable low victimization, both increased poly-victimization and stable high poly-victimization were associated with declines in all four resources; however, only self-esteem and mastery significantly mediated the association between poly-victimization and distress, with mastery showing the strongest effect. Although significant indirect effects were evident, poly-victimization still had a strong direct effect on distress with resource factors controlled. Findings support the hypothesis that the potent effect of poly-victimization on youth mental health is, in part, due to its damaging influence on core psychosocial resources. (Publisher abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Adolescent abuse; Child abuse; Coping; Multiple victimization; OJJDP grant-related documents; OJJDP Resources; Psychological victimization effects; Self concept; Self-Esteem; Social Support
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