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NCJ Number: 249483 Find in a Library
Title: Routes into Opioid Analgesic Misuse: Emergent Typologies of initiation
Journal: Journal of Drug Issues  Volume:45  Issue:4  Dated:October 2015  Pages:385-395
Author(s): Alex Harocopos; Bennett Allen
Date Published: October 2015
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
Washington, DC 20531
Document: HTML
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Although the non-medical use of opioid analgesics (OAs) has increased in the United States over the past decade, there has been little in-depth exploration into the circumstances of initiation of OA misuse, so this study collected qualitative data from five focus groups conducted with individuals who misused OAs in New York City.
Abstract: Participants (n = 19) were between 20 and 47 years old. The majority were male (n = 14) and non-Hispanic White (n = 12). Three initiate groups were identified: recreational initiates, who typically began misusing OAs in their teens through non-medical sources; medical initiates, who initiated OA use through medical treatment; and experienced opioid users, who initiated OA use through both recreational and medical channels but whose entry into misuse followed a history of heroin use. Findings show heterogeneous patterns of initiation, indicating the need for prevention and intervention strategies to be tailored to particular groups. (Publisher abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Drug abuse
Index Term(s): BJA Grant-related Documents; BJA Resources; Drug abuse causes; New York; Opioids; Prescription drugs
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