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NCJ Number: 249525 Find in a Library
Title: Disproportionate Contact: Youth of Color in Maine's Juvenile Justice System
Author(s): Erica King; George Shaler; Robyn Dumont
Corporate Author: Justice Policy Program, University of Southern Maine
United States of America
Date Published: May 2015
Page Count: 55
Sponsoring Agency: Justice Policy Program, University of Southern Maine
Portland, ME 04014
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2013-MU-FX-0051
Sale Source: Justice Policy Program, University of Southern Maine
Muskie School of Public Service
PO Box 9300
34 Bedford Street
Portland, ME 04014
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Annual/Periodic) ; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Statistics
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study documents the rate of disproportionate minority contact (DMC) for youth involved in Maine’s juvenile justice system, differences in pathways to detention for youth of color, and the experiences of youth and families of color who have had contact with Maine’s juvenile justice system.
Abstract: The study uses a relative rate index (RRI) to demonstrate how youth of color are treated compared to their White counterparts throughout nine separate contact points in the juvenile justice system. The study found that DMC is occurring in five of the six counties in which it can be measured. The largest minority disproportional representation in Maine’s juvenile justice system is occurring for Black/African-American youth. Data are shown for those counties in which DMC is occurring. Another key finding is that DMC in Maine cannot be explained by a difference in offense type or class. Also, White youth were more likely than youth of color to be detained for new offenses while on probation; on the other hand, youth of color were more likely to be detained for technical offenses while on conditional release and were more likely to be detained for bench warrants. Youth and families of color interviewed for this study indicated that youth contact with law enforcement stems from the specific factors of peer pressure, a lack of community support, troubles in school, and being targeted by the system due to their race. Youth and families of color believe they are subjected to systemic bias and preconceived notions about them based on race. Seven recommendations address the development, resourcing, and implementation of a racial equity plan across Maine’s juvenile justice system. Extensive tables and figures and a 10-item bibliography
Main Term(s): Juvenile processing
Index Term(s): Black/White Crime Comparisons; Disproportionate Minority Confinement; Disproportionate Minority Contact; Maine; Minority juvenile offenders; Minority overrepresentation; OJJDP grant-related documents; OJJDP Resources; Police-minority relations; Racial discrimination
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