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NCJ Number: 249645 Find in a Library
Title: From Childhood Maltreatment to Allostatic Load in Adulthood: The Role of Social Support
Journal: Child Maltreatment  Volume:20  Issue:4  Dated:November 2015  Pages:229-239
Author(s): J. M. Horan; C. S. Widom
Date Published: November 2015
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 86-IJ-CX-0033; 89-IJ-CX-0007
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study used data from a prospective cohort design study to examine the stability of social support from childhood through middle adulthood in individuals with documented histories of childhood abuse and neglect and matched controls (aged 0–11) and assessed the impact of social support on allostatic load, a composite measure of physiological stress response assessed through blood tests and physical measurements, in middle adulthood.
Abstract: Although previous research has documented that social support acts as a protective factor for individuals exposed to trauma, most research relies on assessments of social support at one point in time. The current study found that maltreated children were more likely to have unstable social support across the life span compared to matched controls. Social support across the life span partially mediated the relationship between child maltreatment and allostatic load in adulthood, although there were differences by race and sex. These findings have implications for interventions to prevent the negative consequences of child maltreatment. (Publisher abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Adult survivors of child sexual abuse; Juvenile Protective Factors; Long term health effects of child abuse; NIJ grant-related documents; NIJ Resources; Psychological victimization effects; Risk and Protective Factors; Social psychology; Social Support
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