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NCJ Number: 249686 Find in a Library
Title: Model Programs Guide Literature Review: Juvenile Reentry
Series: OJJDP Model Programs Guide Literature Reviews
Corporate Author: Development Services Group, Inc.
United States of America
Date Published: August 2017
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Development Services Group, Inc.
Bethesda, MD 20814
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2010-MU-FX-K001
Sale Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
810 Seventh Street NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Literature Review; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on a literature review, this study examined the findings of outcome evaluations for aftercare/reentry programs for juveniles who have been in correctional facilities.
Abstract: Recent evaluation reports on two major initiatives in juvenile aftercare/reentry demonstrate that providing aftercare services to youth returning from institutional placement is a complex process and cannot be implemented indiscriminately in communities without careful consideration of the most appropriate and effective methods for providing needed services to youth while they are incarcerated and without continuing to provide these services and supervision after youth are released from confinement. Recent evaluations of aftercare programming have not shown as promising results as earlier program evaluations. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention recently launched an initiative called the Intensive Aftercare Program (IAP). It was designed to intervene and reduce recidivism rates among high-risk, incarcerated juvenile offenders after their institutional release (Mears and Travis, 2004). The IAP model is based on the view that “effective intervention requires not only intensive supervision and services after institutional release, but also involves a focus on reintegration during incarceration and a structure and gradual transition between institutionalization and aftercare.“ The IAP evaluation, which used an experimental design, focused outcome measurement on recidivism rates. Outcome data indicated that IAP did not significantly reduce recidivism. A few years after the IAP evaluation the Boys & Girls Club of America (BGCA) began evaluation of its Targeted Reentry (TR) initiative, which provided aftercare services to juvenile offenders. TR combined the IAP model with a cultural emphasis on promoting positive youth development. A TR program evaluation, however, found results similar to the IAP evaluation; recidivism rates for participating youth were not significantly different from the outcomes of non-participants. Methodological weaknesses in the IAP and TR evaluations are discussed as possible explanations for the reported outcomes. 18 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile Aftercare
Index Term(s): Evidence-Based Programs; Evidence-Based Research; OJJDP grant-related documents; OJJDP Resources; Parole effectiveness; Post-release programs; Prerelease programs; Reentry; Services effectiveness; Treatment effectiveness
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