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NCJ Number: 249696 Find in a Library
Title: Model Programs Guide Literature Review: Community Awareness/Mobilization
Series: OJJDP Model Programs Guide Literature Reviews
Corporate Author: Development Services Group, Inc.
United States of America
Date Published: 2009
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: Development Services Group, Inc.
Bethesda, MD 20814
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2010-MU-FX-K001
Sale Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
810 Seventh Street NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Literature Review; Program Description (Model); Program/Project Evaluation; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Technical Assistance); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on a literature review, this paper identifies and discusses model programs for mobilizing a community to develop and reform community features that will prevent and counter juvenile delinquency and crime.
Abstract: The purpose of “community mobilization” is “to facilitate change within the community to alter the basic patterns of social interaction, values, customs, and institutions in ways that will significantly improve the quality of life in a community.” One of the traditional community-based strategies for combating delinquency is the formation of local partnerships, coordinating councils, and steering committees. Such leadership entities are composed of representatives of criminal justice and community organizations that have missions and resources needed to counter criminogenic community influences and develop and impart norms of positive social interaction and behavior. One proven effort in this regard involves community-based action designed to change policies and laws governing the sale and use of alcohol, cigarettes, and firearms. The theory driving these policies is that making it more difficult to obtain these products will reduce the harms they cause. Another proven strategy for preventing and countering delinquent and criminal behaviors is to launch regular media campaigns designed to change public attitudes and community standards that facilitate delinquent and criminal behaviors. Civil remedies have also proven effective in preventing and reducing criminal behavior and incivilities. Civil remedies generally focus on persuading landlord and property owners to take action to prevent criminal behavior through the use of code enforcement, neighborhood cleanups, and the enforcement of nuisance and drug abatement statutes. 32 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention
Index Term(s): Civil remedies; Community crime prevention programs; Community involvement; Environmental influences; Evidence-Based Programs; Interagency cooperation; Media coverage; Media support; Model programs; OJJDP grant-related documents; OJJDP Resources; Private sector-government cooperation
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