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NCJ Number: 249857 Find in a Library
Title: Nature and Extent of Gang Involvement in Sex Trafficking in San Diego County
Author(s): Ami Carpenter; Jamie Gates
Date Published: April 2016
Page Count: 170
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2012-R2-CX-0028
Sale Source: US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
810 Seventh Street, NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the nature and scope of gang involvement in sex trafficking in San Diego County, CA, which is ranked by the FBI as one of the Nation‘s 13 highest areas of commercial sexual exploitation of children.
Abstract: The study’s three objectives were to determine (1) the scope and nature of gang involvement in sex trafficking and commercial sexual activity; (2) the scope and nature of victimization in San Diego County; and (3) estimates of the regional commercial sex economy. The study found that 110 gangs in the county from a wide variety of neighborhoods and racial/ethnic backgrounds have members who profit from sex trafficking in San Diego. On a wider scale, the study found that the scope of the underground sex economy in the county is considerably larger than the county leadership has estimated, meaning that the resources currently directed to this issue do not match the scope of the problem. Apparently, all communities in the county are impacted by this underground economy that draws $810 million of the county’s economy. For a variety of reasons, law enforcement agencies lack sufficient information to distinguish victims of sex trafficking from other related crimes. The median age for first arrest for prostitution is 19 years old, and the average age for entry into sex trafficking is 16.1 years old. Policy implications and recommendations pertain to capacity building, service delivery, and new programming. Suggestions for future research are offered. 6 tables 4 figures, 9 references, and appended interview protocol for facilitators and gang structure analysis
Main Term(s): Gang Crime
Index Term(s): California; Child Sexual Abuse; Juvenile prostitution; NIJ final report; NIJ Resources; Trafficking in Persons
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