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NCJ Number: 249980 Find in a Library
Title: Chronic Anger as a Precursor to Adult Antisocial Personality Features: The Moderating Influence of Cognitive Control
Journal: Journal of Abnormal Psychology  Volume:125  Issue:1  Dated:January 2016  Pages:64-74
Author(s): S. W. Hawes; S. B. Perlman; A. L. Byrd; A. Raine; R. Loeber; D. R. Pardini
Date Published: January 2016
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Since no studies have examined whether youth with persistent anger are at an increased risk of exhibiting antisocial personality features in adulthood, or how cognitive control abilities may protect these individuals from developing such maladaptive outcomes, this study delineated. trajectories of anger among 503 boys, using annual assessments from childhood to middle adolescence (ages 7–14).
Abstract: Associations between these trajectories and features of antisocial personality in young adulthood (age 28) were examined, including whether cognitive control moderates this association. Five trajectories of anger were identified (i.e., childhood-onset, childhood-limited, adolescent-onset, moderate, and low). Boys in the childhood-onset group exhibited the highest adulthood antisocial personality features (e.g., psychopathy, aggression, criminal charges); however, boys in this group were buffered from these problems if they had higher levels of cognitive control during adolescence. Findings were consistent across measures from multiple informants, replicated across distinct time periods, and remained when controlling for general intelligence and prior antisocial behavior. This is the first study to document the considerable heterogeneity in the developmental course of anger from childhood to adolescence. As hypothesized, good cognitive control abilities protected youth with persistent anger problems from developing antisocial personality features in adulthood. Clinical implications and future directions are discussed. (Publisher abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile Risk Factors
Index Term(s): Anger; Anger Management; Juvenile Protective Factors; Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP); OJJDP grant-related documents; Problem behavior; Self Control
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