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NCJ Number: 250002 Find in a Library
Title: Examining the Impact of Prior Criminal Justice History on 2-Year Recidivism Rates: A Comparison of Drug Court Participants and Program Referrals
Journal: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology  Dated:April 2016
Author(s): L. M. Shannon; A. Jackson Jones; J. Newell; C. Neal
Date Published: April 2016
Page Count: 0
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2011-DC-BX-0137
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Drug courts seek to break the cycle of substance use and crime by providing a community-based intervention to individuals with criminal justice involvement and substance-related issues. This study examined recidivism over a 2-year follow-up period as well as factors associated with recidivism for a sample of drug court participants (i.e., graduates and terminators) and a non-equivalent comparison group (i.e., individuals referred/assessed for the program who did not enter).
Abstract: In the 2-year follow-up window, fewer drug court graduates had any convictions compared with program terminators and referrals; specifically, fewer drug court graduates had drug trafficking convictions compared with program terminators and referrals. Fewer graduates were arrested and incarcerated in jail and/or prison in the 2-year follow-up; furthermore, graduates had spent less time incarcerated compared with program terminators and referrals. Demographics (i.e., age, race, marital status) and prior criminal justice system involvement were associated with recidivism; however, these factors had differential impacts for the three groups (i.e., graduates, terminators, and referrals). These findings indicate that drug court shows promise as a community-based intervention that helps keep individuals out of the criminal justice system during a 2-year follow-up period. 31 references (Publisher abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Drug Courts
Index Term(s): BJA Grant-related Documents; BJA Resources; Corrections effectiveness; Recidivism statistics; Services effectiveness; Treatment effectiveness
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=272162

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