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NCJ Number: 250793 Find in a Library
Title: Trauma Experiences and Mental Health Among Incarcerated Women
Journal: Psychological Trauma-Theory Research Practice and Policy  Volume:8  Issue:4  Dated:July 2016  Pages:455-463
Author(s): B. L. Green; P. Dass-Brailsford; A. H. de Mendoza; M. Mete; S. M. Lynch; D. D. DeHart; J. Belknap
Date Published: July 2016
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2010-DB-BX-K048
Document: HTML
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Since female offenders have different risk factors for offending than do male offenders, as well as elevated rates of interpersonal victimization such as physical, emotional, and sexual abuse, this study used factor analysis to examine patterns of traumatic events experienced by women in jail; and it explored how these patterns were associated with four psychiatric disorders (posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD], major depression, bipolar disorder, and substance use disorder).
Abstract: The study found that three factors were involved in the observed patterns of trauma exposure: family dysfunction (FD), interpersonal violence (IPV), and external events (EE). Life events were analyzed as a separate group of variables. FD and IPV each contributed independently to the odds of having each of the four mental disorders studied; significant odds ratios were in the range of 1.38-2.05. All three factors contributed to the diagnosis of bipolar disorder. The only diagnosis to which stressful life events made a unique contribution was the likelihood of having PTSD. Thus, this study provides further support for the importance of assessing trauma exposure of women in jail, especially the family context, as well as mental health. Implementation and testing of evidence-based treatment approaches that address trauma-related distress in correctional settings are warranted. A total of 464 women from nine jails in four geographic regions in the United States composed the sample. Women participated in diagnostic interviews to assess trauma exposure and psychiatric disorders. (Publisher abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Female victims
Index Term(s): Bipolar Disorder; BJA Grant-related Documents; Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA); Crime Risk Factors; Depression; Drug abuse causes; Mental disorders; Mentally ill inmates; Mentally ill offenders; Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD); Victims of violent crime
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