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NCJ Number: 250864 Find in a Library
Title: Efficacy of Foot Patrol in Violent Places
Journal: Journal of Experimental Criminology  Volume:12  Issue:3  Dated:September 2016  Pages:465-475
Author(s): K. J. Novak; A. M. Fox; C. M. Carr; D. A. Spade
Date Published: September 2016
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2011-DB-BX-0016
Document: HTML
Type: Program/Project Description; Program/Project Evaluation; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the effectiveness of foot patrol in violent micro-places.
Abstract: A large urban police department deployed foot patrol in micro-places (hot spots) for a period of 90 days for two shifts each day. The objective was to determine whether this activity impacted violent crime in these hot spots and whether spatial displacement of crime occurred. Eight eligible foot beat locations were set by examining crime rates for previous years in order to identify micro-places of high criminal activity. The study used a quasi-experimental design that compared the four treatment areas to the four control areas, estimating panel-specific autoregressive models for 30 weeks prior to and 40 weeks after the treatment. Time series models revealed statistically significant reductions in violent crime in the micro-places receiving foot patrol treatment, while no such reductions were observed in the control areas. The deterrent effect, however, was short and dissipated quickly. Control areas did not experience any crime prevention benefit during this time period. No evidence of crime displacement to spatially contiguous areas was detected. The study concludes that the implementation of foot patrol in high crime hot spots led to measurable reductions in aggravated assaults and robberies, without displacing crime to contiguous areas. (Publisher abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Police crime-prevention
Index Term(s): Assault; BJA Grant-related Documents; Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA); Crime analysis; Foot patrol; Robbery; Street crimes; Violence prevention
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