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NCJ Number: 251068 Find in a Library
Title: Georgia's Justice Reinvestment Approach: Strengthening Probation and Increasing Public Safety
Corporate Author: Council of State Governments Justice Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: July 2017
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
Washington, DC 20531
Council of State Governments Justice Ctr
New York, NY 10005
Pew Center on the States
Washington, DC , 20004-1409
Grant Number: 2015-ZB-BX-K001
Sale Source: Council of State Governments Justice Ctr
100 Wall Street
20th Floor
New York, NY 10005
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis; Legislation/Policy Description; Program/Project Description; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Report (Technical Assistance); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report describes the features and effects of Georgia’s justice reinvestment approach, which is designed to reduce corrections spending by strengthening probation and reducing recidivism, with the expectation that public safety will be increased.
Abstract: In May 2016, Georgia State leaders requested assistance from the Justice Reinvestment Initiative, which is a criminal justice reform effort for States, funded by the U.S. Justice Department’s Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) and The Pew Charitable Trusts (Pew). BJA and Pew approved Georgia’s request for resources under the Justice Reinvestment Initiative and commissioned the Council of State Governments Justice Center to assist the Georgia Council on Criminal Justice Reform (the Council) in addressing challenges within the State’s criminal justice system. A comprehensive analysis of extensive data collected from various State agencies yielded several key findings. One finding was that people sentenced to prison for most felony property and drug offenses are reconvicted at twice the rate of people sentenced to probation. A second finding was that there are more people on probation in Georgia than in any other State due to widespread use of probation sentences for misdemeanor offenses, as well as lengthy felony probation sentences that are used in lieu of and in addition to prison sentences. In fiscal year 2015, approximately two-thirds of people admitted to prison had violated conditions of their supervision or committed a new crime while on probation or parole. In mounting reforms, the Georgia Legislature enacted SB 174, which codifies the justice reinvestment policy framework developed by the council. This legislation includes policies to reduce lengthy probation terms and large probation caseloads, improve the effectiveness and cost of responses to probation and parole violations, and improve the handling of legal financial obligations for people on felony probation. 2 figures
Main Term(s): Correctional reform
Index Term(s): BJA Grant-related Documents; BJA Resources; Evidence-Based Practices; Georgia (USA); Probation effectiveness; Probation evaluation; Probation management; Probation violations; Recidivism; State laws
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