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NCJ Number: 39376 Find in a Library
Title: TAKING HOSTAGES
Author(s): Y BONGERT; G GREBING; G KELLENS; J LAFON; J LEAUTE; R LETAILLANTER; S SCHAUB
Corporate Author: Institut de Criminologie de Paris
France

Editions Neret
France
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 84
Sponsoring Agency: Editions Neret
75462 Paris, France
Institut de Criminologie de Paris
75005 Paris, France
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Document
Language: French
Country: France
Annotation: COLLECTION OF SIX SHORT PAPERS ON THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF HOSTAGE TAKING AND SOCIETY'S REACTION TO THIS PHENOMENON.
Abstract: THE ACT OF TAKING HOSTAGES IS FIRST EXAMINED IN RELATION TO THE MOTIVATION OF THE KIDNAPPER. IT IS POINTED OUT THAT HOSTAGES ARE TAKEN NOT ONLY TO SECURE A MONEY RANSOM, BUT ALSO AS A MEANS OF FACILITATING AN ESCAPE OR OF OBTAINING POLITICAL CONCESSIONS. HOSTAGE TAKING IS ALSO ANALYZED AS A VEHICLE FOR EITHER ESTABLISHING OR RE-ESTABLISHING COMMUNICATION ON AN ISSUE OR SET OF ISSUES BETWEEN THE KIDNAPPER AND A SPECIFIC SOCIAL INSTITUTION. POLICE REACTIONS TO HOSTAGE SITUATIONS ARE CATEGORIZED ACCORDING TO THE APPARENT MOTIVATIONS OF THE KIDNAPPER. POLICE PROCEDURES FOR HANDLING SITUATIONS INVOLVING MENTALLY OR EMOTIONALLY UNSTABLE PERSONS, HOSTAGES TAKEN IN THE COURSE OF COMMITTING ANOTHER CRIME, AND POLITICALLY MOTIVATED ACTIONS ARE INDIVIDUALLY DISCUSSED. A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CRIMINAL SANCTIONS AGAINST THE TAKING OF HOSTAGES IN AUSTRIA, FRANCE, AND GERMANY FOCUSES ON THE CRIME PREVENTION ASPECTS OF THE LEGISLATION. AN HISTORICAL OVERVIEW OF HOSTAGE TAKING REVEALS LITTLE SIMILARITY BETWEEN MODERN-DAY SITUATIONS AND HOSTAGE EPISODES IN THE PAST, PARTICULARLY IN RELATION TO THE SEIZING OF INNOCENT THIRD PARTIES AS HOSTAGES. --IN FRENCH...ELW
Index Term(s): Crime prevention measures; France; Hostage takers; Hostages; Kidnapping; Motivation; Offender classification; Offense classification
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