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NCJ Number: 57528 Find in a Library
Title: DELINQUENCY AND VIOLENCE FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF CRIMINOLOGY (FROM NEURAL BASES OF VIOLENCE AND AGGRESSION, 1975, BY W S FIELDS AND W H SWEET - SEE NCJ-57520)
Author(s): M E WOLFGANG
Corporate Author: Warren H Green, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 35
Sponsoring Agency: Warren H Green, Inc
St Louis, MO 63105
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS SYMPOSIUM PAPER PRESENTS SOME IDEAS ABOUT MAN AND VIOLENCE IN GENERAL, CRIMES OF VIOLENCE, AND THE SUBCULTURE OF VIOLENCE, AND THEN EXAMINES A LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF DELINQUENCY IN A BIRTH COHORT.
Abstract: AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR IS NOT A FUNCTION OF GENETICS, BUT RATHER THE RESPONSE TO SOCIALLY DEFINED STIMULI AS LEARNED THROUGH THE CULTURAL TRANSMISSION PROCESS OF SOCIALIZATION. THE FORCES THAT GENERATE CONDITIONS CONDUCIVE TO CRIME ARE STRONGEST IN THE CITIES, WHERE THERE ARE CONCENTRATIONS OF WEALTH, OPPORTUNITY, AND MOTIVATION. A SUBCULTURE PROFESSING VALUES WHICH ENCOURAGE VIOLENT BEHAVIOR EXISTS IN MANY AREAS AND DOES NOT NECESSARILY FEEL FRUSTRATION OR ANOMIE IN THE PREVAILING CULTURE. RATHER THE SUBCULTURE CONTINUES TO ACT UPON ITS OWN LEARNED SOCIAL STRUCTURE AND BELIEFS. THE WILLINGNESS TO RESORT TO VIOLENCE IS FOUND TO PREDOMINATE IN YOUNGER MALES AS AN EXPRESSION OF THE PROCESSES OF DIFFERENTIAL LEARNING, ASSOCIATION, AND IDENTIFICATION. A LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF 9,946 MALES BORN IN 1945 INDICATES THAT ALTHOUGH 35 PERCENT OF THE COHORT HAD CONTACT WITH THE POLICE BEFORE REACHING AGE 18, ONLY 6.3 PERCENT WERE CLASSIFIED AS CHRONIC OFFENDERS. RECIDIVISM BY INDIVIDUALS IN THE CHRONIC OFFENDER CLASS INDICATES THE OPERATION OF THE LEARNING PROCESS IN REINFORCING DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR. INTERVENTION BY SOCIAL WORKERS SHOULD CONCENTRATE ON THE CHRONIC OFFENDERS FOR THE MOST COST-EFFECTIVE USE OF RESOURCES. DISPERSION OF VIOLENT SUBCULTURES THROUGH INCREASED OPPORTUNITIES AND RESIDENTIAL CHOICE TO ALL CLASSES OF CITIZENS, URBAN RENEWAL, AND HOUSING PROJECTS IS ALSO POSSIBLE. REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED.
Index Term(s): Collective violence; Cultural influences; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Male juvenile delinquents; Social classes; Social organization; Socialization
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=57528

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