skip navigation

LIBRARY

Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 68520 Find in a Library
Title: FOLLOWUP OF CORRECTIONAL TREATMENT - THE 'YOUTH CENTER RESEARCH PROJECT' IN STOCKTON, CALIFORNIA
Journal: MONATSSCHRIFT FUER KRIMINOLOGIE UND STRAFRECHTSREFORM  Volume:63  Issue:1  Dated:(FEBRUARY 1980)  Pages:32-47
Author(s): L BOELLINGER
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 16
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: German
Country: West Germany (Former)
Annotation: A FOLLOW-UP STUDY OF BEHAVIORIST AND PSYCHODYNAMIC TREATMENT MODELS AT THE YOUTH CENTER RESEARCH PROJECT IN STOCKTON, CALIFORNIA SHOWS FACTORS UNDERMINING THE CORRECTIONAL TREATMENT CONCEPT.
Abstract: IN THE ORIGINAL PROGRAM, 400 14-TO-15-YEAR-OLDS WERE TREATED AT ONCE IN TWO INSTITUTIONS USING BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION AND TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES. THE EFFECTS OF A NUMBER OF VARIABLES (E.G., THERAPIST PERSONALITY) WERE MEASURED. ACCORDING TO THE TOKEN ECONOMY PRINCIPLE, YOUTHS EARNED POINTS TOWARD PROBATION. FOR THE ORIGINAL STUDY 983 INDIVIDUALS SUBMITTED TO PRETESTS AND POSTTESTS (I.E., THE CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SCALE, THE JESNER PERSONALITY INVENTORY, A BEHAVIOR CHECKLIST, THE LOEVINGER EGO DEVELOPMENT SCALE, AND THE YOUTH OPINION POLL QUESTIONNAIRE). TEST RESULTS AND PROBATION REVOCATION RESULTS SUGGESTED THAT THE MODEL WAS SUPERIOR TO OTHER SOCIAL THERAPEUTIC MODELS. MULTIPLE FACTOR ANALYSIS ESTABLISHED THE TREATMENT FORM USED AND THE POSITIVE REGARD OF THE STAFF AS THE MOST SIGNIFICANT VARIABLES. ACCORDING TO THE FOLLOW-UP STUDY, POSITIVE EFFECTS OF THE PROGRAM WERE SIGNIFICANT BUT SHORT-LIVED: ONLY 23 PERCENT OF THE TEST SUBJECTS DID NOT EXPERIENCE FURTHER DIFFICULTIES. AFTER THE ORIGINAL EXPERIMENTAL IMPLEMENTATION PHASE, THE INSTITUTIONAL MODELS CONTINUED IN OPERATION FOLLOWING THE SAME PATTERN. BY 1976, LINES OF VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL STAFF RECOMMENDATIONS AND SUPERVISORY PRACTICES HAD DETERIORATED. IDENTIFICATION OF STAFF AND CLIENTS WITH THE THERAPY CONCEPT DISAPPEARED, AND SPECIAL THERAPY WAS REPLACED BY INSPECIFIC COUNSELING AS TRAINED PERSONNEL DRIFTED AWAY. SOCIAL WORKERS WERE SUPPLANTED BY LESS QUALIFIED BUT HIGHER PAID CORRECTIONS OFFICERS. MOREOVER, SOCIAL THERAPISTS WERE FORCED TO TAKE OVER ADMINISTRATIVE TASKS BECAUSE OF STAFF REDUCTIONS. FINALLY, SHORTAGES OF FUNDS AND PUBLIC PREFERENCE OF LAW AND ORDER POLICIES HAVE PRODUCED A CLIMATE UNFAVORABLE TO TREATMENT PROJECTS OF THIS SORT. NOTES ARE SUPPLIED. --IN GERMAN.
Index Term(s): Behavior modification; Corrections effectiveness; Inmate Programs; Juvenile probation; Juvenile residential treatment centers; Juvenile treatment methods; Program evaluation; Psychologists; Token economies; United States of America
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68520

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.