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NCJ Number: 88933 Find in a Library
Title: Statute Backfires - The Escalation of Youth Incarceration in England During the 1970s (From Criminal Corrections - Ideals and Realities, P 73-91, 1983, Jameson W Doig, ed. - See NCJ-88928)
Author(s): A Rutherford
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Lexington Books
New York, NY 10022
Sale Source: Lexington Books
866 Third Avenue
New York, NY 10022
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The Children and Young Persons Act of 1969 did not reduce the incarceration of youth in England during the 1970's, due to the failure to implement the act's provisions removing from courts the power to sentence persons aged 14 to 16 to detention centers and reform schools.
Abstract: Between 1960 and 1978, the number of young persons incarcerated increased at a rate almost three times that of the increase in known offenders aged 14 to 16. In addition, the incarceration of young persons between 1971 and 1978 increased at a greater rate than did the number of young persons who were cautioned or found guilty. The act provided for a sequential approach to implementation. However, this approach took little account of interest groups advocating the use of custody. It also failed to account for the powerful inertia supporting ongoing institutional arrangements. Moreover, the law did not change the financial disincentive for local government to take responsibility for juvenile offenders. Furthermore, central and local governments have lacked the political will to reduce custodial capacity. The reform effort has ended with the Government's announcement in October 1980 that it intends to repeal the law's provisions on the sentencing of juveniles to reform schools and detention centers. Data tables, notes, and 38 references are provided.
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Correctional reform; England; Juvenile Corrections/Detention; Regulations compliance
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=88933

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