GRANTS & FUNDING
On this page, you can access information about how to identify funding opportunities and learn about the federal government funding process.
Sponsoring Agency Funding Opportunities
You can view general funding information and opportunities from our federal sponsors and other agencies on the following sites:
Office of Justice Programs (OJP)
- Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA)
- Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
- National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
- Office for Victims of Crime (OVC)
- Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP)
- Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering and Tracking (SMART)
Register with NCJRS to receive notifications about funding opportunities, grant-related events, and more from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors.
Sign up to receive the bi-weekly JUSTINFO newsletter as well as the weekly Funding News From NCJRS email capturing information about solicitation releases and funding-related webinars from our federal sponsors. Be sure to select "Grants/funding" as an area of interest in your NCJRS registration profile when you subscribe.
Grants.gov can help you locate and apply for funding opportunities from federal agencies, including OJP bureaus and offices. You can also sign up to receive email notices when new opportunities are posted to Grants.gov.
To identify potential future funding opportunities and to learn how to stay informed when opportunities arise, visit our Tracking Forthcoming Opportunities page.
Funding ResourcesVarious resources are available from the NCJRS sponsors and other federal agencies to assist potential applicants and grantees, including the following:
- Grants.gov is a central storehouse for information on federal grant programs.
- OJP Funding Resource Center provides applicant and grantee resources.
- OJP Grants 101 provides assistance in navigating the OJP application process.
- DOJ Grants Financial Guide serves as the primary reference manual to assist award recipients in fulfilling their fiduciary responsibility.
Types of Funding
Much like other federal agencies, OJP offices and bureaus provide three types of funding to state, local, and private agencies and organizations: Formula (or Block), Discretionary, and Congressional Earmarks. Note that most OJP and other federal agency grant funds are dispersed through Formula grant programs and Congressional Earmarks.
Formula (or Block)
- Awarded to state and local governments based on a predetermined formula, which may be based on a jurisdiction's crime rate, population, or other factors.
- Awarded to agencies in each state designated by the governor. These agencies are called State Administering Agencies (SAA).
- Generally requires states to pass awards to local agencies and organizations via subgrants.
- Awarded on a competitive basis to public- and private-nonprofit organizations.
- Funding ranges from single awards for research, evaluation, and technical assistance to multisite awards for program development.
- Hard Earmarks: Congress directs the federal agency to provide certain funds to specific programs it has identified.
- Soft Earmarks: Congress identifies a program and directs the federal agency to:
- Evaluate the program.
- Fund the program, if warranted.