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Serving Trafficking Victims


Documents and Materials

Anti-Human Trafficking Directory of Legal and Social Service Providers
Lists U.S. immigration service providers by state.

Combating Trafficking in Persons: A Directory of Organisations
Lists worldwide service providers by country; also provides a snapshot of trafficking situations in each country described.

The Crime of Human Trafficking: A Law Enforcement Guide to Identification and Investigation
Outlines effective responses to human trafficking, including advice for building a case, conducting successful interviews, and working with task forces. The guidebook (accompanied by a pocket card and trainer’s questions) also addresses victim safety issues and types of victim assistance and lists technical assistance resources.

Digital Dangers: Information & Communication Technologies and Trafficking in Women
Explores how the Internet and other information and communication technologies are connected to human trafficking.

Handbook on Direct Assistance for Victims of Trafficking
Provides guidance on service delivery options from victims' initial contacts to their social reintegration. Chapters include security and personal safety, screening of trafficking victims, referrals and reintegration assistance, shelter guidelines, health care, and cooperation with law enforcement agencies.

The Health Risks and Consequences of Trafficking in Women and Adolescents
Discusses the findings of a 2-year multicountry study on women's health and trafficking and includes interviews with victims, health care providers, community-based service providers, law enforcement officials, and policymakers.

Hiding in Plain Sight: A Practical Guide to Identifying Victims of Trafficking in the U.S.
Helps readers identify victims of sexual trafficking, addresses reporting procedures, and describes the services available to victims of trafficking.

Human Rights and Trafficking in Persons—A Handbook
Describes how to develop strategies to combat trafficking from the human rights perspective and includes trafficking resource tools.

Identification and Legal Advocacy for Trafficking Victims (2d Edition)
Focuses on the T visa, which provides immigration relief to foreign nationals trafficked into the United States.

Law Enforcement Manual for Fighting Against Trafficking in Human Beings
Discusses law enforcement's best practices in countering human trafficking.

Law Enforcement Pocket Card
Helps law enforcement officers identify trafficking victims.

Law Enforcement Toolkit on Trafficking in Persons
Describes legal frameworks, the role of different agencies in combating trafficking, and effective strategies for investigation and prosecution.

Practical Guide for Assisting Trafficked Women
Discusses the everyday aspects of anti-trafficking work among practitioners and promotes understanding of the human rights framework. Two chapters are available online only: Chapter 1: Assistance to Trafficked Women and Chapter 2: Criminal Legal Action.

Resource Guide for State Legislators: Model Provisions for State Anti-Trafficking Laws
Presents a series of model legislative provisions that state legislators can use to create either a comprehensive state anti-trafficking law or begin with one or more of the recommended legislative initiatives.

Sex Trafficking Fact Sheet
Includes an overview of what victims of sex trafficking face, types of sex trafficking, and available federal assistance for victims.

Toolkit to Combat Trafficking in Persons
Increases awareness and helps policymakers, criminal justice systems, law enforcement agencies, and nongovernmental organizations understand and respond effectively to trafficking in persons. Chapters include information on international frameworks with specific information for criminal justice personnel and victim service providers.

Trafficking in Persons—A Guide for Non-Governmental Organizations
Outlines frequently asked questions and answers about federal trafficking laws, victims' rights, and services.

Organizations and Programs

Coalition Against Trafficking in Women—Australia
Works nationally and internationally to oppose sexual exploitation.

Coalition to Abolish Slavery & Trafficking
Assists people trafficked for forced labor and slavery-like practices and works toward ending human rights violations. Programs cover social and legal services, training, and advocacy.

Global Programme against Trafficking in Human Beings
Assists United Nations' member states in combating the growing involvement of organized crime groups in what amounts to a new slave trade.

International Rescue Committee
Leads globally in emergency relief, rehabilitation, protection of human rights, post-conflict development, resettlement services, and advocacy for those uprooted or affected by violent conflict and oppression.

Nongovernmental Agencies Providing Services to Human Trafficking Victims

OVC-Funded Grantee Programs To Help Victims of Trafficking
Lists organizations that received OVC funding to provide services to victims of human trafficking.

Vital Voices
Trains and mentors emerging women leaders throughout the world. Its Web site includes a page that discusses human trafficking and human rights.

Web Sites

Campaign to Rescue and Restore Victims of Human Trafficking
Offers fact sheets, resources, and toolkits beneficial for health care providers, social service providers, and law enforcement officers.

Human Trafficking: Information and Resources for Emergency Healthcare Providers
Defines trafficking and provides information on trafficker identities, statistics, and standards of medical documentation.

Legal Momentum: Immigrant Women Program
Provides articles, booklets, checklists, shelter information, Violence Against Women Act regulations, and information about legal and health care responses to immigration issues.

The Mindset of a Human Trafficking Victim
Offers recommendations for responding to trafficking victims and describes barriers law enforcement officers may face when encountering victims.

National Criminal Justice Reference Service: Trafficking in Persons
Links to publications, statistics, legislation, training opportunities, and other resources on sex trafficking.

Office for Victims of Crime: Human Trafficking
Lists governmental, nongovernmental, and international resources.

Office To Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, U.S. Department of State
Provides tools to combat trafficking in persons, both worldwide and domestically, including fact sheets, links to related sites, and ways to identify and help victims.

Screening Tool for Victims of Human Trafficking
Contains questions law enforcement officers should consider asking potential victims of human trafficking to confirm whether they are actually victims. The questions and answers can later be used as testimonial evidence.

Trafficking in the United States
Provides demographics related to and statistics on trafficking in the United States.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime: Human Trafficking
Offers information, reports, and statistics on trafficking and provides a toolkit to help combat trafficking.

VAWnet: Human Trafficking
Includes links; documents on the social, economic, cultural, and political factors that intersect with sex trafficking; fact sheets, some of which highlight tactics used by traffickers; and policy and practice guides and toolkits.


National Human Trafficking Resource Center Hotline
Helps human trafficking victims escape. Hotline calls are fielded 24/7 by bilingual English and Spanish speaking crisis counselors. Professional interpretation is available for other languages. The center also responds to e-mails in English, Spanish, Chinese, Russian, and Polish. The hotline number is 888–373–7888.