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The National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) website is administered by the Office of Justice Programs (OJP), U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ). The legal policies and disclaimers referenced below apply only to the NCJRS site. Once you link to another site, you are subject to the policies of the new site.


NCJRS is committed to providing web page and resource access for individuals with disabilities in accordance with Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act. In some digitized library resources, however, persons using assistive technology might not be able to access all information in the file. If you come across any instances where assistance is needed, contact us and include the title of the resource or page so we can further assist you. To learn more, see the DOJ Accessibility Information page.

Copyright Status and Citation

Unless otherwise indicated, information generated by DOJ and its component agencies is in the public domain and may be reproduced, published or otherwise used for non-commercial purposes without the Department's permission (citation to the appropriate DOJ bureau/office as the source of the information is appreciated). Permission to copy or use materials created by entities outside of DOJ must be obtained from the original source. Review the NCJRS Virtual Library Copyright Restrictions page for additional details about restrictions associated with Library materials. See DOJ Legal Policies and Disclaimers for more.

Information Quality Guidelines

DOJ has issued guidelines to help ensure the quality, objectivity, utility and integrity of the information it disseminates to the public, including the information provided on the NCJRS website. Learn more about the guidelines on the DOJ Legal Policies and Disclaimers page.

Liability and Endorsement

While NCJRS strives to make the information on this website as timely and accurate as possible, NCJRS makes no claims, promises, or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the contents of this site, and expressly disclaims liability for errors and omissions in the contents of this site. The information appearing on this website is for general informational purposes only and is not intended to provide legal advice.

Reference in this site to any specific commercial product, process, or service, or the use of any trade, firm or corporation name is for the information and convenience of the public, and does not constitute endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by NCJRS, DOJ, or OJP. See DOJ Legal Policies and Disclaimers to learn more.

Linking to the NCJRS Website

Links to the NCJRS website are permitted. The fact that a website links to NCJRS does not indicate that NCJRS, DOJ, or OJP has any responsibility for the content of that site, nor does it constitute an NCJRS, DOJ, or OJP endorsement of that site.

Links to Other Websites

The information posted on the NCJRS website includes links to information created and maintained by other public and/or private organizations. When you select a link to an outside website, you are subject to the privacy, copyright, security, and information quality policies of that website. If you find a link that does not work, contact us. Learn more on the DOJ Legal Policies and Disclaimers page.

Use of Seals, Logos

DOJ and OJP seals, logos and other official insignia may not be used or reproduced without written permission. See DOJ Legal Policies and Disclaimers to learn more.