Thank you for visiting the National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) Web site, administered by the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Provided below are the legal policies and disclaimers for users of this site. These policies and disclaimers apply only to the NCJRS site. Therefore, once you link to another site, you are subject to the policies of the new site.

Notice to Users

You are accessing a U.S. Government information system. Information system usage may be monitored, recorded, and subject to audit. Unauthorized use of the information system is prohibited and subject to criminal and civil penalties. Use of the information system indicates consent to monitoring and recording.

Links to Other Web Sites

The information posted on the NCJRS Web site includes hypertext links or pointers to information created and maintained by other public and/or private organizations. NCJRS provides these links and pointers solely for your information and convenience. When you select a link to an outside Web site, you are subject to the privacy, copyright, security, and information quality policies of that Web site. The Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, and NCJRS:

  1. DOES NOT control or guarantee the accuracy, legality, relevance, timeliness, or completeness of information contained on a linked Web site;

  2. DOES NOT endorse linked Web sites, the views they express, or the products/services they offer;

  3. CANNOT authorize the use of copyrighted materials contained in linked Web sites;

  4. IS NOT responsible for transmissions users receive from linked Web sites;

  5. DOES NOT guarantee that outside Web sites comply with the accessibility requirements of Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act.

Links to non-federal government sites will include a roll-over disclaimer visible when the cursor is placed on (or hovering over) the link. The disclaimer notifies visitors that the sites are not controlled by NCJRS.

If you find a link that does not work contact NCJRS.

Linking to the Department of Justice Web Site

Links to the NCJRS Web site are permitted. The use of Department of Justice and Office of Justice Programs seals, however, is protected and requires advance written authorization as described below. The fact that a Web site links to NCJRS, the Department of Justice or the Office of Justice Programs Web sites does not indicate that the NCJRS, the Department of Justice, or the Office of Justice Programs has any responsibility for the content of that site, nor does it constitute an endorsement of that site by the Department.

Copyright Status and Citation

Information generated by the Department of Justice and its component agencies, is in the public domain and may be reproduced, published or otherwise used without the Department’s permission. Citation to the Department of Justice agency as the source of the information is appreciated, as appropriate. The use of any Department of Justice seals, including the Office of Justice Programs, is protected and requires advance authorization, as described below. With respect to materials generated by entities outside of the Department of Justice, permission to copy these materials, if necessary, must be obtained from the original source.

Use of Department of Justice and Component Seals, Logos, Other Official Insignia, Names and Initials

Department of Justice and Office of Justice Programs seals, logos and other official insignia may not be used or reproduced without written permission. Requests for permission to use or reproduce official insignia shall be referred to the Assistant Attorney General for Administration. Permission to use or reproduce official insignia is granted on a case-by-case basis and involves the consideration of many relevant factors, including: the cost or benefit to the Department or the Government of granting the request; the unintended appearance of endorsement or authentication by the Department; the potential for misuse; the effect on Department security; the reputability of the use; and the extent of control by the Department over the ultimate use and distribution of any product(s) or publication(s) bearing official insignia of the Department.

Information Quality Guidelines

The Department of Justice has issued guidelines to help ensure the quality, objectivity, utility and integrity of the information it disseminates to the public, including the information provided on the NCJRS Web site. The Department’s information quality practices and procedures can be found at: The Department’s information quality guidelines include procedures for requesting corrections of disseminated information. The Department will make every effort to correct errors brought to our attention.

Disclaimer of Liability and Endorsement

While the NCJRS strives to make the information on this Web site as timely and accurate as possible, NCJRS makes no claims, promises, or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the contents of this site, and expressly disclaims liability for errors and omissions in the contents of this site. No warranty of any kind, implied, expressed, or statutory, including but not limited to the warranties of non-infringement of third party rights, title, merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose or freedom from computer virus, is given with respect to the contents of this Web site or its links to other Internet resources.

The information appearing on this Web site is for general informational purposes only and is not intended to provide legal advice to any individual or entity. We urge you to consult with your own legal advisor before taking any action based on information appearing on this site or any site to which it may be linked.

At times the Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, and NCJRS are required, because of a legal requirement such as the Freedom of Information Act or a court order, to post documents generated by third parties that may contain offensive, defamatory, or misleading or otherwise inappropriate content. The Department, Office of Justice Programs, and NCJRS disclaims responsibility for the content of these documents.

Reference in this site to any specific commercial product, process, or service, or the use of any trade, firm or corporation name is for the information and convenience of the public, and does not constitute endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, or NCJRS.